Military chiefs from the West African bloc Ecowas will meet in Ghana this week to discuss possible intervention in Niger, military and political sources in the region said Tuesday.
The meeting on Thursday and Friday — originally scheduled for last weekend but then postponed — came after Ecowas leaders last week approved deployment of a “standby force to restore constitutional order” in Niger, whose president was toppled on July 26.
Their summit, held in the Nigerian capital Abuja last Thursday, also reaffirmed the bloc’s preference for a diplomatic outcome.
President Mohamed Bazoum’s election in 2021 was a landmark in Niger’s history, ushering in the country’s first peaceful transfer of power since independence from France in 1960.
His ousting unleashed a shock wave around West Africa, where Mali and Burkina Faso — likewise battered by a jihadist insurgency — have also suffered military takeovers.
The Economic Community of West African States (Ecowas) Niger’s military rulers a one-week ultimatum on July 30 to restore Bazoum or face the potential use of force, but the deadline expired without action.
Analysts say military intervention would be operationally risky and politically hazardous, given divisions within ECOWAS ranks and domestic criticism.
Defiance and diplomacy
Niger’s military regime has sent mixed signals since the crisis erupted.
At the weekend, the coup leaders said they were open to a diplomatic push after their chief, General Abdourahamane Tiani, met with Nigerian religious mediators.
Those talks came after the ECOWAS military meeting in Ghana was postponed for “technical reasons”.
But on Sunday night, Niger’s rulers declared they had gathered sufficient evidence to prosecute Bazoum for “high treason and undermining internal and external security”.
The legal threat was angrily condemned by Ecowas, which lashed it as a contradiction of the regime’s “reported willingness” to explore peaceful means. Washington said it was “incredibly dismayed”.
The row overshadowed talks under African Union (AU) auspices that began on Monday in Addis Ababa, bringing together representatives from the regime and Ecowas.
Russian President Vladimir Putin called for a “peaceful political and diplomatic” resolution to the crisis in a phone call with Mali’s junta leader, Assimi Goita, the Kremlin said on Tuesday.
Mali has cemented an alliance with Moscow since its coup in 2020, acquiring Russian planes and helicopters and bringing in paramilitaries that the West says are Wagner mercenaries.
Poor and unstable
A landlocked nation in the heart of the arid Sahel, Niger is one of the world’s poorest and most turbulent countries.
Bazoum, 63, survived two attempted coups before being ousted, in the fifth putsch in the country’s history.
His ousting deals a huge blow to French and US strategy in the Sahel.
France refocused its anti-jihadist operations on Niger after withdrawing from Mali and Burkina Faso last year following a bust-up with their juntas.
International concern is mounting for the state of Bazoum, his wife and son, who have been held at the president’s official residence since the coup.